There’s something about popping blemishes that can be so satisfying to watch. Pimple popping videosgained such popularity, there was a television series devoted to the extraction!
So, what does this juicy procedure involve? Read on as we dive into your pores for a proper blackhead extraction!
Blackhead extractions are the focal point of our pore cleansing facial: the PORE.
Pore cleansing is defined as the process of physically and/or chemically removing debris from the pores. The process clears build-up from the pores and allows them to contract.
Start with a fresh face.
Extractionsare best on freshly cleansed and exfoliated skin. Cleansing ensures that no harmful bacteria ispresent when exposing the open pore.Exfoliationclears the opening of the pore andloosens the tip of the debris.
A specialized solution is applied to help dislodge the oily debris after cleansing and exfoliating. The solution is commonly a sodium bicarbonate blend that creates a chemical reaction known as saponification. This reaction transforms oils & fats into a soap solution. Oily debris also becomes water-soluble in the process.
After the solution has worked its magic, the skin is placed under a warm steamer. The warmth and humidity of the steam opens up the pores and dampens the now water-soluble waste.
Professional steamers feature an Ozone (O3) function that emits ozone steam onto the skin. O3 increases the skin’s healing abilities and disinfects the surface. O3 also has an oil-reducing effect that lasts beyond the service.
The physical extractions are performed using a pore extraction tool and directional pressure. Large pores are emptied individually using a “scooping” maneuver. Smaller pores and superficial debris are purged with a simple glide of the tool or fingers.
Following extractions, the skin is soothed and sanitized with a post extraction solution. The solution usually contains an antiseptic and a calming ingredient.
Blackhead extractions can take 15-30 minutes depending on the skin condition. They can also leave the skin looking irritated for 1-2 hours, so be prepared. Once the pores are cleared though, they can remain clear for up to 8 weeks.
When it comes to our role as skincare technicians, we must say juicy extractions are by far a service favourite!
Although blackheads are not necessarily caused by poor skin hygiene, these darkened little oil specs can make the skin look and feel rough, oily, and dirty. We have countless skin products and methods of removal, but what should we really be looking for when choosing products, ingredients, and services?
In this article we will focus on defining the ‘blackhead’. From selecting the right ingredients to DIY pore cleansing techniques, our tips will help you minimize and control blackheads.
What is a blackhead?
Blackheads are quite simply clogged hair follicles in the skin. These tiny follicles can become clogged due to enlargement and/ or years of buildup.
Our hair follicles are a type of pore found throughout the body, except for the palms and soles. They are most visible in areas with higher oil production or areas where the oil collects throughout the day such as the creases of the nose.
A combination of waste.
This particular type of pore consists of a tube-like structure in the skin that sprouts hair, excretes oil, and retains a combination of waste within the its tiny canal. This combination includes dead cells, oil, makeup, dirt, and basically anything that can melt into the pores. Over time the debris can become solidified when neglected by being left inside the pore.
Loss of elasticity.
Adding to the cause is the loss of skin elasticity. Over time the opening of the pores can become weakened due to underlying skin condition, skin trauma, or pressure from buildup. Once the pores have lost their ability to contract it becomes difficult to regain this elasticity without resorting to advanced skin therapy such as LASER or IPL.
Dead keratin, not dirt!
Blackheads may vary in colour, diameter, and depth, but they all have the same characteristic opening that can be easily spotted. The dark pinpoint that we see at the surface of the skin, is actually a result of dead keratin cells being exposed to the open air (oxidized). This reaction causes a browning similar to the effect caused by leaving cut fruit such as a banana or an apple open to the elements. Contrary to popular belief, the dark tip is not dirt!
Blackheads are different from whiteheads due to the opening being present and the causes vary. If a blackhead becomes infected it can then transition into a pustule aka a “pimple”. Improper extraction and/ or excess pressure are most commonly the cause of infection.
Now that you’re familiar with the composition of a blackhead, let’s move on to some solutions and prevention, and DIY techniques for extraction.
Are you constantly battling with breakouts, blackheads, clogged pores and excessive oiliness throughout the day? Does your skin have a thick, uneven texture and shiny complexion? These are the most common characteristics of an OILY skin type.
Why is my skin OILY?
Your skin produces natural oils throughout the day, keeping it elastic, protected and moisturized. When the sebaceous (oil) glands produce an excess of oil, your skin does not have use for the extra oil and it begins to collect on the surface of the skin and within the pores.
This buildup of oil, in combination with dead skin cells, causes the pores to become clogged and infected. Blocked pores are present in the skin as blackheads (open pore/oxidized buildup), whiteheads (closed pore/congested), pustules (infected pores/pus buildup).
Although it sounds like there are a lot of negatives to having OILY skin, there is one major bonus! With age our sebaceous glands slowdown in oil production, but in an OILY skin the glands continue to produce a sufficient amount of oil later on in life. Therefore, when properly cared for your skin your skin will virtually defy the natural aging process!
When caring for your OILY skin, it is important to remain consistent with your homecare regimen. Keeping your oiliness and breakouts under control will help improve your complexion and prevent future irritation and scarring due to blemishes.
Here are Dermica’s tips on making the right choices for your OILY skin!
Cleanser– Select a foaming cleanser, or gel cleanser-these will help wash away debris trapped underneath the oil buildup. Double cleanse, morning and night. Rinse with lukewarm water to prevent simulating oil glands. Try Glo Skin Beauty’s Purifying Gel Cleanser. The antibacterial ingredients in this gel cleanser keep your skin clean and free of harmful bacteria.
Exfoliant– The best exfoliation option for OILY skin is a chemical exfoliant that can deliver deep exfoliation without irritation and overstimulation of the skin. Use according to manufacturer, or 2-3 times a week in the evening. We recommend Glo’s Gentle Enzyme Exfoliant. Free of fragrance and dyes, this formula has been clinically tested for skin not well suited for manual exfoliation.
Eye Care– Should be selected according to your age range. For OILY skin we recommend a gel for ages 18-40, lotion for ages 40-55, cream for ages 55+.
Moisturizer: Use a water-based, oil-free moisturizer. Oily skins benefit from hydrating products such as a hydrating gel (ideal for med-high oily skin) or hydrating lotion (ideal for light-med oily skin). Some OILY skin moisturizers will also feature oil absorbing, or antiseptic ingredients. Glo’s Oil Free Moisturizer is a popular moisturizer amongst our clients.
Mask– Clay masks are excellent for OILY skin. They absorb oil and help tighten pores. Bentonite is a great ingredient to have in your mask product. Use 1-2 times a week, after cleansing in the evening. If your surface oils are under control, spot treat down your t-zone. The Pore Refining Mask is a great option!
Toner– Using a toner can help tighten pores and balance your pH. Mist over your skin and gently pat using forefingers.
To maximize results, incorporate a professional treatment into your maintenance schedule. Our suggestions include:
Skin rejuvenation phototherapy treatments can help tighten pores and even out the texture of your skin. These treatments are excellent for anti aging when done twice per year. Phototherapy is not for everyone, ensure you meet the treatment criteria.
Facials- not just “a fancy wash”
A deep cleansing facial, which includes an ozonized steaming (sterilized steam) session, and pore-extractions, will help clear blemishes, blackheads, and purge impurities out of the skin.
DIY Recipe for Toner
Mix 2/3 of Witch Hazel with 1/3 distilled water in a spritz bottle. Shake well before use. Mist over face after cleansing, and gently pat into your skin using forefingers.
Hi Dérmica, I’m struggling with blackheads. I just wonder if you can help with this problem. Please give me some information of any technique that could help to reduce or get rid of blackheads. Thank you so much.
Blackheads are a common skin issue that can easily be treated at Dérmica. We recommend a 2-part treatment as follows:
Step 1:FIX Facial ($85) to remove the existing blackheads from the pores. This treatment includes cleansing, exfoliation, steaming, and pore extractions.
Step 2: Photofacial ($45 – $175) to seal the pores closed and reduce the appearance of uneven texture and redness caused by enlarged pores. This treatment is performed by using IPL (Intense Pulse Light) device to treat the targeted condition.
Bookings are available at dermica.ca/book-now.
Hope this information helps…😊
Any questions you’d like answered?
Write to us through our “Ask Dérmica” feature. We remove all names to ensure your identity remains anonymous.
Battling Back Acne?
Back acne, aka ‘Bacne’ can be a sensitive subject to approach when searching for the answers and solutions for this condition. This condition can be caused by several factors but seems to be more prevalent in physically active people.
All of our Skin Care treatments are designed to meet your skin’s specific needs. Back care products are selected based on your expressed skin concerns in consultation with our skin specialist.
Dérmica features 2 types of Back Acne treatments to help clear this condition:
Our BACK ACID PEEL Tx is a Professional AHA/BHA Chemical Peel designed to balance the skin’s pH, lift scarring, and help prevent future breakouts. These treatments are ideal for problematic acne prone skin.
Our dérmica BACK Treatment is a 75-minute treatment begins with a deep pore cleanse followed by exfoliation to remove build up and dead skin on your back. A relaxing steam session warms and softens the skin in preparation for manual extractions. Your back is then massaged with nutrients through a custom mask application. Moisture care is applied. Ideal for all skin types. Ideal for all skin types, it’s meant to maintain skin balance, clear infected blemishes, and of course, to pamper ;)
WHAT IS A CHEMICAL PEEL?
A chemical peel is a medical esthetic procedure designed to safely remove the outer layers of the skin through the application of organic acids derived from various natural sources. This process brings fresh new cells to the surface of the skin giving it a healthy, smooth and even appearance.
Curious about chemical peels? Click here to learn more.
Besides maintaining proper skin care through professional care, there are other factors we recommend:
Stay on top of your diet
Remember that anything ingested by the body effects on major organs, and with your skin being the largest and most visible of all, it is the window into your internal health.
Consistently wash your bed sheets
Especially if you eat in bed, it is important to wash your sheets approximately once a week. You may sweat during your sleep that attracts bacteria.
Shower after physical activity
When you sweat during a workout, your pores become enlarged thereby opening up to bacteria. Close your pores by taking a quick refreshing shower.
Book a consultation with our skin health experts and begin your journey to clear and healthy skin. We will help you develop a skin health plan that is right for you!
Love, Peace, and Great Skin!
(780) 885 7108